The acronym UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. This organization, which depends on the United Nations system, was created on 4 November 1946 in accordance with the main criterion that “since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed” and that therefore this peace must be based on the “intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind” (Preamble, Constitution of UNESCO). For more information.
The UNESCO Constitution was adopted by 37 countries. The organization’s objective, as stipulated in its constitution, and above all in the preamble and in Article 1, is “to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” For more information.
UNESCO is an autonomous organ in the United Nations system and as such is represented by the by the signatory states of the UNESCO Constitution. At present, UNESCO is made up of 193 states and 6 associate members. For more information.
Consult UNESCO's events website.